Sunday, April 8, 2018

Katano Shrine

方埜神社


Katano Shrine is located near Makino station in Hirakata city, part of Osaka prefecture. Part of the  shrine is dedicated to spirit of Emperor Suinin.  Suinin  was the 11th emperor, who died around the year 70AD (at the supposed age of 138, according to semi-mythical texts). The actual tomb of Emperor Suinin is officially attributed to a burial mound in Nara city, but the practice of building shrines to deified nobles is a common practice in Japan.

The shrine history involves a particular sumo match in honor of the goddess Izumo.

The shrine was initially founded in 927, with buildings erected there around 960. The name of the shrine was changed to "Ichi no miya" in the Heian period (as the capital moved to Kyoto).

In the Kamakura-Muromachi period the area was affected by extensive civil wars in Japan, especially between the forces of Matsunaga and Toyotomi.
Hideyoshi Toyotomi was a patron of the shrine and the current main hall (honden) was built with a large donation from Hideyori Toyotomi in 1602. The main hall is now an important cultural property (重要文化財 jūyō bunkazai).

Other parts of the shrine are cultural properties includes two gates and a stone lantern.




Ema plates that depict a hannya mask. These masks are usually worn in Noh play and represent an angry woman that has become a demon.
Note the "gochich no kiri mon" crest of the Toyotomi clan.
The plate bears the name "Ichi no miya shrine" above the modern name of "Katano Shrine."
This plate is labeled for the "fulfillment of various wishes" (諸願成就)

A large hannya mask.
Note the ceremonial rope (shimenawa) and purification papers (shide) above the mask.
The mask seems to be made of concrete[?]

An  "important cultural property" (重要文化財 jūyō bunkazai) marker which dates the honden back to the year 1602 Momoyama period.

The honden. Note the lanterns which bear the plum crest of Tenjin shrines.

This cow statue represents the animal companion of Tenjin, the god of scholarship.
Note the plum crest of Tenjin shrines which is incorporated into the statue.
You often see a "nade ushi" (rubbing cow) label on such Tenjin statues but there is no such direct instruction here, which may help to explain why there is such a green (unrubbed) patina on this statue.

A small Inari shrine.

The "mokkou mon" crest of the Oda clan.

Note the fine decroations on the shrine.
Cedar bark roof. Curved woodwork.
Brass adornments on the woodwork.
The portrait panel of a samurai with a quiver of arrows.

Elaborate decorations on the shrine.

Mokkou emblems on the roof.

"A" komainu on one side of the shrine's front. Note the matching komainu ornament on the roof.




The is a park across the street that is very colorful in the spring.


The shrine calendar involves a number of annual and seasonal events.

1/1. New Year's Festival 
1/9-11. Toka Ebisu Festival.
1/15. Tondo bonfire festival.
Early February. Inari Festival.
2/3. 19:00. Setsubun Festival.
4/15. 11:00~. Spring Festival.
6/30. 15:00~19:00. Summer Festival.
10/14-15. Fall Festival
November. 7-5-3 Festival
鎮火祭  12月13日午後5時
注連縄講 12月


References

No comments:

Post a Comment